Dec 28

Evertype would like to announce the publication of Reinhard F. Hahn’s new translation of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland into the Low German language, Alice ehr Eventüürn in’t Wunnerland. The book uses John Tenniel’s classic illustrations, with text on them localized into Low German (so instead of “DRINK ME”, the bottle says “DRINK MI”, etc.).


From the introduction:

Lewis Carroll is de Schrieversnaam vun Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, ’n Mathematik-Dozent in Christ Church, Oxford. Dodgson füng mit düt Vertelln an ’n 4. Braakmaand 1862 an, as he up’n Thems-Stroom ’n Paddel boottuur möök. Mit vun de Partie weern Paster Robinson Duckworth un dree Deerns: Alice Liddell (de teihn Jahr ole Dochter vun’n Dekaan vun Christ Church) un ẹhr Süstern Lorina (dörteihn Jahr old) un Edith (acht Jahr old). As wi vun’t Riemel an’n Anfang vun’t Book wies wardt, bẹden de dree Deerns Dodgson, dat he jüm wat vertell. So füng he an – toeerst nich so geern – de eerste Verschoon to vertelln. Up un daal in’n egentlichen Text findt sik mennig ’n Andüden an de fief Minschen, de an den Dag tosamen in’t Boot seten. Up’t Lest keem dat Book in’t Jahr 1865 ünner de Lüd’.

So wied mi dat wies is, is düt dat eerste Ọ̈verdrẹgen vun Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland in’t Plattdüütsche (Nedderdüütsche). Afstammen dẹ düsse Spraak vun’t Old sassische, vun dat ook to’n Deel dat Ingelsche (d.h. „Angel sassische“) afkeem. Dat Middelsassische (in Düütschland tomehrst „Mittelniederdeutsch“ nöömt) was de Verkehrs spraak vun de Hanse, un vun de Spraak keem vẹẹl Inwarken in de Spraken vun de Noord- un Oostseeküsten, besünners de vun Skandinavien, vun’t Baltikum un vun Noordpooln. Ook dat Ingelsche kreg’ ’n paar Wöör vun’t Middelsassische mit, t.B. trade un sachs ook freight un boss. Hüdigendaags deit dat Plattdüütsche as ’n offitschelle Regionaalspraak in Noorddüütschland un in de nedderlandschen Oostprovinzen gellen. Vör’t Verdrieven an’t Enn vun’n Tweeden Weltkrieg wöör de Spraak ook in Rebeden to Oosten vun de hüdige düütsche Oostgrenz snackt.

Dat Plattdüütsche hett ’n Barg Dialekten un keen Stan dardspraak, ook keen Standardschrievwies’. Dat Ọ̈ver drẹgen in düt Book is in’t allgemeene Noord nedder­sassische. De Schrievwies’ is mehr or minn de vun Sass. Een Punkt ünner ’n Sülvstluudteken bedüüdt, dat ’t ’n Eenluud is. In annere, tomehrst öllere Warken, in de düsse wichtige Ünnerscheed maakt ward, bruukt se faken ’n Haken (ogonek) daarför. Een Apostroph achter b, v, d, g un s an’t Enn vun’n Woord steiht för’n Sleeptoon: de Een- or Tweeluud daarvör ward be sünners lang un de Mitluud week uutspraken (t.B. Lüd’ [lyːˑ(d)], wẹs’ [veːˑz] or [vɛːˑz]). De mehrsten Plattdüütsch schrievers kehrt sik nich an düsse Ünnerscheden, un daar wẹgen wardt ’n Barg Wöör verkehrt uutspraken mank de Lüd’, de sik dat Plattdüütsche tomehrst vun Schriften bibringt.

De Text wöör direktemang vun’t Ingelsche na’t Platt düütsche ọ̈verdragen, man af un an hett de Ọ̈verdrẹger vun wẹgen Woordspẹẹl na de düütsche Verschoon vun Antonie Zimmermann kẹken.

Groten Dank wẹẹt ik mien Kollẹg’ Reinhard “Ron” F. Hahn, den ik al jahrenlang kenn, dat he düt Ọ̈verdrẹgen in de Maak nahmen hett, as ik em daarto nödigen dẹ. Elk Ọ̈verdrẹgen vun düt Book is ’n Họ̈gen, ’n Sprakenfier, ’n Sprakengood.

Lewis Carroll is a pen-name: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was the author’s real name and he was lecturer in Mathematics in Christ Church, Oxford. Dodgson began the story on 4 July 1862, when he took a journey in a rowing boat on the river Thames in Oxford together with the Reverend Robinson Duckworth, with Alice Liddell (ten years of age), the daughter of the Dean of Christ Church, and with her two sisters, Lorina (thirteen years of age), and Edith (eight years of age). As is clear from the poem at the beginning of the book, the three girls asked Dodgson for a story and reluctantly at first he began to tell the first version of the story to them. Many half-hidden references are made to the five of them throughout the text of the book itself, which was published finally in 1865.

To the best of my knowledge this edition presents the first translation of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland into Low Saxon (also known as Low German and by its German name Platt deutsch). This language is a descendant of Old Saxon, one of the ancestors of English. Middle Saxon (also known as Mittel niederdeutsch “Middle Low German” in modern German parlance) served as the international lingua franca of the Hanseatic Trading League and as such influenced many language varieties along the Baltic and North Sea coasts, especially those of Scandinavia, the Baltic Countries and Northern Poland. Contacts with Middle Saxon have resulted in English borrowing from it words like trade and possibly freight and boss. Its numerous modern dialects constitute a regional language that at the end of the 20th century came to be officially recognized in the Eastern Netherlands and in Northern Germany. The language also used to be spoken in regions east of today’s Germany, but at the end of the Second World War this ended with the expulsion of anyone considered German.

In the absence of a standard dialect, the variety used in this book is a somewhat generalized version of Northern Low Saxon, the largest dialect group of Northern Germany. In the absence of a standard orthography, Northern Germany’s predominant Sass Spelling System is applied (with minor changes, such as uut instead of abbreviated ut ‘out (of)’, ‘from’; cf. Scots oot). Long monophthongs are here dis­tinguished from diphthongs by means of a dot below a vowel character. Consistent with the initial but now mostly ignored instructions of the creators of this spelling system, a apostrophe (representing elided -e) following word-final b, v, d, g, and s (/z/) indicates that the vowel or diphthong of that syllable is extra-long and that the usual process of word-final consonant devoicing does not apply (as though the -e were still present (e.g., Lüd’ [lyːˑ(d)] ‘people’, wẹs’ [veːˑz] or [vɛːˑz] ‘be!’). These days, most Low Saxon writers, being unaware of such phonological processes, ignore these important orthographic devices, which results in mispronunciation by learners that rely on the written word.

The Low Saxon translation in this book is based on Carroll’s English original, with rare glances at the handling of names and wordplay in Antonie Zimmermann’s German translation.

I am grateful to my colleague of many years, Reinhard “Ron” F. Hahn, for having taken up the challenge to translate Alice on my instigation. Every translation of this wonderful book is a delight, a celebration of language, and a treasure.

Dec 24

Evertype is pleased to announce the publication of a new edition of the translation by Teodorico Pietrocòla Rossetti of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland in Italian. It had previously been out of print since 1872.


From the introduction:

Lewis Carroll è uno pseudonimo: l’autore si chiamava in realtà Charles Lutwidge Dodgson ed era professore di matematica presso il collegio universitario di Christ Church a Oxford. Dodgson iniziò ad abbozzare questo racconto il 4 luglio 1862, durante una gita in barca a remi sul Tamigi nei pressi di Oxford, in compagnia del reverendo Robinson Duckworth e delle figlie del preside di Christ Church: Alice Liddell, di dieci anni, e le sue due sorelle Edith e Lorina, rispettivamente di otto e tredici anni. Come si intuisce dai versi che aprono il libro, le tre bambine chiesero a Dodgson di raccontare una storia ed egli, in un primo momento con una certa riluttanza, iniziò quella che sarebbe diventata la prima versione di questo libro. Lungo tutto il racconto, che vide finalmente le stampe nel 1865, si celano parecchie allu­sioni ai cinque gitanti di quel giorno. Questa edizione ripropone al lettore moderno la prima traduzione italiana del libro, edita nel 1872.

Quella di Teodorico Pietrocòla Rossetti, che Carroll chiama “il mio amico italiano”, è la quarta traduzione di Alice, realizzata dopo quelle in francese, tedesco e svedese. Sono stati effettuati un certo numero di modifiche al testo, per renderlo più accessibile al lettore di oggi. In pratica lo scopo è stato quello di mantenere l’atmosfera ottocentesca della traduzione originale, rimuovendo però gli ostacoli alla lettura.

Lewis Carroll is a pen-name: Charles Lutwidge Dodgson was the author’s real name and he was lecturer in Mathematics in Christ Church, Oxford. Dodgson began the story on 4 July 1862, when he took a journey in a rowing boat on the river Thames in Oxford together with the Reverend Robinson Duckworth, with Alice Liddell (ten years of age) the daughter of the Dean of Christ Church, and with her two sisters, Lorina (thirteen years of age), and Edith (eight years of age). As is clear from the poem at the begin ning of the book, the three girls asked Dodgson for a story and reluctantly at first he began to tell the first version of the story to them. There are many half-hidden references made to the five of them throughout the text of the book itself, which was published finally in 1865. This edition presents the first translation into Italian of 1872 for the modern reader.

The translation by Teodorico Pietrocòla Rossetti, whom Carroll describes as “my Italian friend”, was the fourth translation of Alice, made after the French, German, and Swedish translations. A fair number of changes have been made to the text, in order to make the book a bit more accessible to the modern reader. The intent, basically, was to retain the feel of the ninteenth-century translation while removing impediments to its enjoyment.

Dec 14

The recent update of Quark XPress brings with it a nasty error caused by what I guess is some sort of arithmetic problem.

In my Print dialogue settings you can see the document’s metric settings. These are perfectly normal and correct for the size of the book. Or are they?

It turns out that these settings caused the problem. A workaround is to go to QuarkXPress > Preferences… > Print Layout > Meaurements and change from millimetres to inches:

Now, when we return to the Print dialogue, we see what appears to be a rounding error:

But if you manually change these measurements as shown below, you will be able to print a .ps file which will distill using the PDF/X-1a:2001 setting.

“But wait,’ you say, “140mm really is 5.512″, and 216mm really is 8.504″.” That may be so, but previously I was able to use the metric sizes and print to .ps files which would distill properly.

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